dative or accusative as well as use of 'der' in the dative are restricted to numerous set phrases, surnames and toponyms. This change is interesting from a sociolinguistic point of view because it has apparently happened relatively recently, in the 1970s, and was pioneered by older well-educated women from the upper middle classes. Retrieved "Current population of Belgium". "A Hidden Language Dutch in Indonesia". The state, law, and increasingly education used French, yet more than half the Belgian population were speaking a variety of Dutch. In the countryside, until World War I, many elementary schools continued to teach in Dutch, and the Catholic Church continued to preach and teach the catechism in Dutch in many parishes. However, even if not considered part of the phonemic opposition, the long/tense vowels are still realised as phonetically longer than their short counterparts.
In most cases, the heavy influence of the standard language has broken the dialect continuum. This gender system is similar to those of most Continental Scandinavian languages. Language Attitudes in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Sociolinguistic Overview (page 26). Dutch and English are very closely related languages; see Fitzpatrick 2007,. . French Flemish is spoken in the north-west of France by an estimated population of 20,000 daily speakers and 40,000 occasional speakers; see European Commission 2010. Now first, by order of the High lords states general of the United Netherlands, and according to the Decision of the National Synod, held at Dordrecht, in the Years 16From the Original languages into our Dutch language faithfully translated. Webster's New World Dictionary: Old Dutch Besamusca, Emmeline; Verheul, Jaap.
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86 In 1876, the first Afrikaans newspaper called Die Afrikaanse Patriot was published in the Cape Colony. 87 European Dutch remained the literary language 86 until the start of the 1920s, when under pressure of Afrikaner nationalism the local "African" Dutch was preferred over the written, European-based standard. A b c Language Standardization and Language Change: The Dynamics of Cape Dutch. 18, Page Sonnenburg 2003,. . 92 Afrikaans is grammatically far less complex than Dutch, and vocabulary items are generally altered in a clearly patterned manner,.g. 30 The oldest recorded is found in the Salic law. Many words, as in English, begin with three consonants; for example, straat /strat/ (street). For a comparison between the West Germanic languages, see the sections Morphology, Grammar and Vocabulary. 82 At an academic level, 20 universities offer Dutch studies in the United States.